You probably already know that the LED light for residence is the type that brings more savings in the light bill. It has longer lifespan than competing incandescent and fluorescent, is sustainable as it does not emit polluting gases, and can be recycled.
However, when you go out to buy them, you will come across different types and models, which can be confusing when choosing. With that in mind, we have prepared this guide to help you!
Check out this post everything you need to observe to define the best residential LED bulb and tips on how to use indirect light, highlight in indoor and outdoor areas, among others.
In some regions of Brazil, the voltage of the electrical network is 127V and in others, 220V. There are bivoltLED bulbs , which adapt to both voltages. In any case, check this information on the product packaging before purchase.
LED bulbs are up to 10 times more efficient than incandescent and halogen lamps, and 2.5 times more efficient than fluorescents in terms of lighting. This means that a 10W LED bulb provides a brightness similar to 100W incandescent.
Knowing the equivalence of light capacity of a light bulb is important so that you can have the desired effect when using it at home. Do not buy a very bright bulb if it is to combine it with others in the same chandelier, for example.
5 Watt LED bulbs are recommended for low light applications as they are equivalent to 50 Watt incandescent bulbs. You can use it in small lamps, lamps and washers.
Lamps around 10 watts of power, which nowadays yield around 1,000 lumens, are the best-selling models because they have excellent brightness. The more lumens and less watts a lamp has, the less energy it will consume.
And for those who need more light, with the same shape of the normal bulb, there are 14 or 15 Watt LED bulbs, which yield about 1,500 lumens and are great for larger spaces such as sheds.
The light from a light bulb can be hot, cold or neutral, and each residence LED bulb has one type of application. To know the color temperature of a lamp , simply look for a number measured in Kelvin (K) on the package:
- from 2.700K to 3.300K: warm light;
- from 4,000K to 5,000K: neutral light;
- from 5.300K to 6.500K: cold light.
Hot flashes, which are more yellowish, are indicated for resting places, such as bedrooms, as they do not inhibit both the production of the sleep hormone and the white ones. For kitchens , it is best to opt for cold light, which emits intense white light, almost bluish. Neutral light, which tends to no color, is good for everything, especially reading places.
An additional care to be taken is not to mix different types of light in the same circuit. If you have, for example, four lamps in your room, keep them all with the same color temperature, because the aesthetic result of different light colors in the same environment is not very pleasant.
Bulb-shaped LED bulbs, which are used in homes, follow exactly the same size and connection pattern as traditional incandescent bulbs, so there are no major concerns when it comes to buying.
The size of the bulb is the same (A60) and the model of the socket (thread) does not vary either (E27). To install, just unscrew the old bulb, thread the new LED bulb and you’re done.
Special lamps, such as dichroics , PAR20 or chandelier lamps, have different sockets and dimensions, but there the applications are more specific. There are also minidicroic , tubular and candle- shaped lamps . Each of them serves a purpose, so keep in mind where they will be placed before buying them.
If you wish to dim the lamp, ie adjust its brightness , you need to look for this information in the product box before purchasing it. A good part of the LED bulbs are not compatible with dimerization and trying to do so may end up burning them.
Now that you already know the technical issues surrounding LED bulbs, how about understanding how to use them in the decoration? You can create amazing effects with this technology. Here are some of them:
LED reflectors are perfect for outdoor lighting . They serve both to enhance safety, as they light well without producing glare or glare, or to decorate a garden.
They are ideal for garages, facades and to highlight trees and plants in a landscape design, even the tallest and the most remote. In this case, the colored LED dispenses filters and gives a special touch.
Another good idea is to embed spotting spots on the floor, creating a lighted path to guide people through the garden. This type of light can be used even around the pool.
And if you want to give a light and color effect inside the pool, opt for small, non-protruding reflectors with a remote controller. But attention, installation inside the pool should be done by a professional with a fenced pass box to avoid contact of the electrical installation with the water. In addition, the ideal is that the reflectors have IP65.
In the case of internal lighting, a good idea is to use light to create scenarios and separate environments. Note, however, the color temperatures, as it is not advisable to mix them in the same space.
Use diffused light on lamps, washers and lamps to give the decorative effect. On the dining table, for example, opt for a pendant lamp, at a height that does not obscure the sight of who is sitting. In the living room, place washers, lampshades or floor lamps in some corner to give an intimate air.
For the rooms, as we said, the most indicated are yellowish lights, preferably with dimmer for intensity control. If you read in bed, place a directional lamp next to it.
In the kitchen and service area, where you need to have more light to perform tasks such as chopping, cooking and washing, opt for white lights with a high luminescence index, as we have already explained. In the bathroom, especially light the mirror, so as not to create shadows.
Pictures, sculptures and other decorative objects deserve special lighting. The LED is the best solution because, as it does not heat, it also does not damage the paint, besides not distort colors.
On shelves and niches, place LED strips on the shelves to evenly illuminate and highlight objects. Lockable washers and lamps with clips also help at this time.
The ladder lighting needs to ensure the safety of those going up and down several times a day. The recommended is a homogeneous light on the sides or LED spots illuminating from top to bottom, avoiding shadows.
If you work from home, you need to have lighting as an ally. In the home office, it is important to position the light well so that it does not cause reflections on the computer, nor does it obscure the vision.
In this environment, the cold lights are more interesting because they keep the mind and body more awake and ready for work.
Choosing which best residential LED bulb is not a difficult task, just have a little attention. And the effort is certainly worth it, as you can enjoy a durable, sustainable product that greatly lowers the light bill.
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